(the) RAZZ

The Razz
I first heard of (the) Razz as a 14 year old when the band’s debut 45 first came out in 1977. It was a trip to Kemp Mill Records (“$4.99 all the time!”) in Forrestville Maryland where (the) Razz and I first crossed paths. Back then, Kemp Mill kept all the “punk rock” 45’s in a wood 45 crate, behind the counter. You had to ask for them - just like Playboy magazines!

Thumbing through the few dozen punk 45’s they had, I came across the band’s first release
C. Redux b/w 70’s Anomie. I picked it up because my dad had a 1950 Ford hot rod, and I could tell by the hubcap that the car on the picture sleeve was a ’49-’50 Ford. It hit my turntable and blew me away.

Razz Air Time
Then a couple years later, I got a driver’s license and happened upon Yesterday and Today Records in Rockville, a short 100 mile round trip from my home in Clinton Maryland. To this 16 year old, it was an oasis in the wasteland of chain store record departments! It was at Y&T I found out there were people just like me! It was at Y&T I saw the Sex Pistols on video for the very first time. It was at Y&T I spent way too much money. It was at Y&T I satisfied my (the) Razz fix with their other two releases, the EP Air Time and their last 45 You Can Run (But You Can’t Hide) b/w Who’s Mr. Comedy.

Those records saw regular duty on my turntable, and when I turned 16 I dubbed those songs on cassette to play in my car with the “fast-forward only” Jensen cassette deck. Co-ax speakers of course. I turned 18 shortly thereafter, but the band had split up before I could catch a gig.

I almost got to see them play though. When I was 14, through nothing short of a miracle, my dad agreed to take me to see the Sex Pistols at the Alexandria Roller Rink on their 1978 tour, with Razz opening! But…a couple weeks before the gig, I copped a cigarette from a kid at school and smoked it when I got home. Then the smoke alarm went off. I went to the laundry room to see what the hell was happening and three foot flames were climbing out of the trash can. It seems this rookie smoker failed to properly extinguish his cigarette butt. After putting out the fire, I sat there staring at the trash can. It now looked like a piece of lumpy plastic pop-art. There was no hiding this one. I dreaded my folks getting home from work that night. You guessed it - dad told me no Sex Pistols / Razz concert. Then the following week, the gig was cancelled due to the Pistols visa troubles. Dad was none the wiser.

So…it’s 40 years later, and I never did get punished for almost burning the house down. Don’t tell my dad, OK?

UPDATE - It looks like (the) Razz story is far from over. After moving to Florida, I learned the band gets together every so often for reunion gigs. A week ago, I learned two DC documentarians, Richard Taylor and Jeff Krulik are now working on a Razz documentary film.

In a perfect world, forty years after picking up that first (the) Razz 45, I’m flying up to see the film premiere followed by a reunion Razz gig. The doc does so well, the band enjoys a
Searching for Sugarman renaissance.

Give (the) Razz a listen. They really should have made it, big time.

(the) RAZZ Links

The unreleased Air Time concert originally broadcast on DC 101
C. Redux on YouTube
You Can Run on YouTube
Cherry Vanilla on YouTube

KEVIN SMITH - from Rockabilly to Willie

Three years ago, I had the opportunity to interview Kevin Smith the bass player for Willie and Family.

Through a series of unfortunate events, three years later the interview is finally here and ready for you to read!

MusicRealms.com interview

For almost two decades, I was the person behind the website LinkWray.com. The fine folks at Music Realms recently interviewed me about my work to document Link’s career. If you have a few minutes, you can read the story here.

More photos of Old Fort Dodge

Old Fort Dodge Indian Princess
We have just added several newly found photos and the original newspaper captions from the Tampa Bay Times.

If you have a photo, newspaper clipping or memory of this lost Florida roadside attraction, please contact me.

You can read more on my quest to discover Old Fort Dodge in the blog entries below. You can read newspaper articles here.

Billy "The Kid" Emerson- 2017 Florida Folk Heritage Award winner!

Billy the kid Emerson
Eariler this month, my friend Sun / Chess / Vee-Jay recording artist Billy “The Kid” Emerson received the 2017 Florida Folk Heritage Award. This award is given to outstanding Florida folk artists and folk culture advocates who have made long-standing contributions to the folk cultural resources of the state.

As you may know, Sun Records is the birthplace of rock and roll. Billy is the earliest surviving Sun Records artist, having released his first records over 63 years ago in January, 1954. No other African American artist has released more sides on Sun than Billy “The Kid.” His songs were recorded by the links of Ann Margaret, Rod Stewart and Elvis Presley.

I was honored to be asked to speak at his event. A well deserved award for an American Music treasure.


Rumble - The Indians Who Rocked the World
For the past couple years, I’ve been honored to assist Rezolution Pictures as a consultant for their music documentary RUMBLE - THE INDIANS WHO ROCKED THE WORLD.

This film now carries the tagline of “Sundance Film Festival award winner!” RUMBLE is currently on a tour of film festivals around the world, and will be released in US theaters nationwide this summer.

check out their website to stay on top of all the latest details of this film.

Billy "The Kid"

Greg Laxton and Billy
In my ongoing quest to locate American Music treasures, I found one today that was almost in my back yard.

I was honored to have lunch today with the Reverend William R. Emerson of Tarpon Springs. The good Reverend served his country in World War 2 and Korea. He is 90 years young and healthier than I am!

Some of you may know him as Billy "The Kid" Emerson. His song WHEN IT RAINS IT REALLY POURS was covered by Elvis Presley. He also wrote the rockabilly standard (MY GAL IS) RED HOT, covered by Robert Gordon and Link Wray, Sam the Sham and dozens of others.

During his musical career this gentleman was in Ike Turner's Kings of Rhythm and wrote songs with Willie Dixon and Buddy Guy. His recording career started in 1954 at the legendary Sun Records. He moved on from there and released sides with Vee-Jay and Chess Records. He later started Tarpon Records and released several R&B and soul sides.

He got the calling in the early 1980's and became a preacher - and still does to this day.

I look forward to having lunch with the good Reverend again soon!

RUMBLE - The Indians Who Rocked the World

Those of you that know me, know I am a huge fan of Link Wray. This past Friday, I traveled to Washington DC. I was invited by the fine folks at Rezolution Pictures, the people behind the documentary RUMBLE - THE INDIANS WHO ROCKED THE WORLD.

Friday night, I met with
Stevie Salas and Christina Fon, two of the film's Executive Producers. I don't want to let the cat out of the bag, but they have an EXCELLENT game plan to tell the story of Link Wray.

Saturday I spent the day visiting some friends and family in Southern Maryland. Of course I took some pictures... Link-related locations were everywhere. Many locations have changed names, changed appearances, but there were a couple that looked like the Ray Men had a gig there last night.

The film crew spent Saturday interviewing some old band members in Virginia. I missed the chance to see Max Navarro, one Ray Man I've yet to meet. Lesson learned.

Sunday was action-packed. I got to the Greenbelt American Legion bright and early, met the film crew and tried not to get on the way. I don't have any evidence (yet) that Link played the American Legion, but it had been there for decades, so he certainly may have. My interview for the film was done in the bar, and it had a period-correct look when The Ray Men were playing the DC "knife and gun" clubs like Vinnie's, Strick's and the 1023.

Greg Laxton, Rezolution Pictures, Rumble film
The film crew was just absolutely amazing. They were half a dozen strong and way beyond cool. I talked growing up in the 70's and early punk rock with the Cinematographer, Lighting and Sound Technicians, and after exchanging emails and phone calls the past few years, it was fantastic to finally meet the Production Assistant, as well as Lisa and Catherine, the Producer and Director of the film.

I was floored at how much these folks knew about Link, his history and his contribution to rock and roll. They are very committed to this project. The entire film is being shot in "4K" which is higher quality than hi-definition. They bought hundreds of pounds of equipment.

I guess I was in the interview chair 45 minutes or so. I shouldn't call it an "interview chair" because Catherine has a style that puts you at ease and makes it feel like a conversation. So I spent about 45 minutes in the "conversation chair."

After that, they broke down the equipment and we all headed to Link's stomping grounds of Accokeek. Catherine drove down with me, and I played her the rarest of the rare Link stuff I had. She was knocked out!

After telling them of Accokeek for the past couple years (they are all Canadians) I was really looking to give them a Southern Maryland experience. After hearing about and researching Accokeek, they were excited to be there too.
We rolled into B&J's Carryout first. B&J's has been opened since 1950 and hasn't changed a bit. Members of Link's Ray Men told me that it was standard operating procedure after a night at Vinnie's or the 1023, the band would head to Ray's to record 'til daybreak, and when breakfast rolled around, it was off to B&J's.

All my new Canadian friends got a taste of Southern Maryland...they ate BBQ with slaw, Southern Maryland style (ie. REAL) crabcakes and I even got a few of them to try a softshell crab. They asked what was in it, I told 'em it was best not to ask, just eat it! (Those from SOMD understand!).

Rumble sound crew
After grub we headed over to the family plot at the cemetery. I was honored when they asked me to do some voiceovers to fit their concept of that portion of the day's filming. If that segment makes the film, I think it will bring a tear to your eye or give you goosebumps.

We headed over to Wray's Shack and (Ray) Vernon Wray's place. It's changed alot over the past several decades. Would you believe me if I told you The Shack is now a full-time residence? Truth is stranger than fiction!

The owner of B&J's mentioned a very scenic country road that lead down to the water nearby. We all took a trip there and Catherine really dug it. I'd lived in Southern Maryland 40 years and I have to say it's one of the prettiest drives I've taken.

Around 7:30 that night we met up with Billy Hancock while the film crew got some shots of that scenic road. Billy's legendary among these parts, playing with Danny (Gatton) and the Fat Boys, as well as releasing a bunch of rockabilly sides on his own.

Billy Hancock
The owner of B&J's was very accommodating. She closed down the restaurant and gave the film crew full run of the place. After it got dark, we cleaned out the front lot. They had Billy strap on his guitar, turn up his amp and Link Wray music was again heard in the streets of Accokeek! After that, Billy told his story of opening for Link and The Shirelles, the prize his group received after winning a "Battle of the Bands," as well as a guitar lesson he, as a 16 year old kid, received from Link.

All good things must come to an end. It was around 11pm, about 12 hours after the day started. It seemed to pass in 10 minutes.

For a look at what Rezolution's past work, check out REEL INJUN on Netflix in the US (and probably elsewhere).
Please understand that RUMBLE - THE INDIANS WHO ROCKED THE WORLD is not an all Link Wray film, Link is one of a half dozen or so artists profiled.

That having been said, it doesn't matter. I've had the privilege of helping Rezolution for the past couple years, and the attention to detail and the concern in getting everything "right" with Link's story, I have no doubt that this will do more good for Link's legacy than anything that's been done.

Old Fort Dodge - Case Closed.

I finally made it up to Weeki Wachee North, the 55-plus retirement community along US Highway 19, the location of the lost Florida roadside attraction Old Fort Dodge.

After I read that the retirement park was a family owned business, I was hoping that perhaps the owners had some old photos from the time they transformed the classic piece of Florida roadside to the mobile home park it is today.

Like just about everything else with my Old Fort Dodge quest, I was a day late and a dollar short. It seems the park was sold a few years ago to a corporation.

So my journey to find Old Fort Dodge draws to a close. I can't complain - it was a lot of fun. I now know more that I ever thought I would about Old Fort Dodge. I hope you do too.

Has Anyone Seen These Gals?

Fort Dodge Cuties

These local beauties appeared in several Fort Dodge promotional articles.

This photograph is from 1962, which would put these ladies in the neighborhood of 70 years old. If you know who these gals are, please get in touch.

Fort Dodge Florida

Wow! A very special thank you to Colleen, who steered me in the direction of some incredible photographs, the most detailed reference of what Old Fort Dodge looked like thus far! You can CLICK HERE or check out the PICS link at the top of the page.

Fort Dodge employees

Fort Dodge in detail

The article below provides us with the best description of Fort Dodge yet.

from VARIETY -

Do-It-Yourself Project Lets Visitor Mine Nuggets at Sutter’s Mill, Picnic, Etc. All for $1.65
by Odie Anderson

Brooksville Fla., May 18

A new Fort Dodge, authentically barricaded behind a solid wall of halved pine and cypress, is rising in Sandland and an impatient public is already trekking down Front Street.

This newest Florida tourist attraction, strategically located six miles north of ABC - Paramount’s Weeki Wachee Springs - home of live mermaids - and a few miles south of the Norris Co. Homosassa Springs on US 19, is the rapidly developing brainchild of Paul Bolstein and family. Significantly, it is a mere one-hour run from St. Petersburg and Tampa.

The do-it-yourself project, with its one-mile highway stretch, was started three years ago by the Bolsteins - wife, two daughters and one son. And this particular bit of west is being won by traditional sweat, guts and imagination.

New Yorker Bolstein, past owner of some 10 weekly newspapers, served a stint as operator of a riding school in St. Pete. This, coupled with a bit of ranching in Texas, prompted the present venture.

The family affair is striving for authenticity. Considerable research has gone into establishing a historically accurate old west and education of small fry is high on the agenda. Emerging is a cowtown where a visiting family can find amusement for an entire day.


A preliminary opening found ready spectators for the Long Branch Saloon - stocked with well-stacked can can dancers - the Globe Press, Dodge House, a land office and general merchandise store.

But the most popular magnet is Sutter’s Mill, with its mountain stream tumbling down some 300 feet into a small pond. Brook is also salted with genuine gold and silver nuggets and semi-precious stones. When panned by visitors, valuables are redeemed at the assayer’s office. Pans are provided and lucky prospectors have gleaned as much as $68 for a single gold nugget. Management purchases back the poke to re-seed Florida’s only gold and silver mine.

Phosphorus painting highlight the history of the day of the Pony Express and it’s brief history in the cavernous Mystery Mountain. Black light plays on colorful scenes of the early west as spectators wind through a darkened area of manmade peaks. A taped recording narrates the saga of the sagebrush

Starring as marshal of the historical replica is Johnny Dodge, film and TV character, who, with his trusty deputies, daily - and inevitably - subdues the forces of frontier crime in well done gunfights.

Christine, the oldest Bolstein daughter, portrays an Indian princess. fitting well into the scene, while a Seminole family village adds color to the compound. Weathered wagon wheels, hitching posts and bovine skulls are used to resurrect picturesque days of the pioneer.

A full-time artist is retained at Fort Dodge, responsible for the art work of the complex as well as roadside signs, more of which are needed to adequately air the attraction.


The family has leased a number of concessions - the press, the steam engine, which shrilly conveys passengers around the 37 acre area, a stagecoach which catapults from the Wells Fargo office, the barbecued popcorn stand and others.

Foreseeing the venture as more than a mere tourist attraction, the Bolsteins are planning a miniature western golf course, archery and shooting galleries and possibly square dancing to the music of The Thunderbirds, a “Grand Ole Opry” group.

Plans have been laid for an adjacent Mexican village, which will require a tour through customs to an adobe studded compound and following an exchange of American money for South of the Border coin.

Also plotted is an arena type area for presentation of theater-in-the-roux for the straw hat circuit and/or possibly bullfights or native talent.

Envisioned is a constantly changing line up of entertainment, well spiced with book learning’ and catering to repeat family trade. Hopefully, Ford Dodge will soon be granted a charter designating it an incorporated town complete with US Post Office and with personnel of the establishment supplying the required population.

Meanwhile, adults are paying a reasonable $1.65 entry fee, children under 12 traipse through the massive gate with its yet-to-be completed block house without charge. Picnic ares are provided in well shaded areas.

Bolstein has clung doggedly to his controlling interest - resisting capitalistic offers which foresee for Fort Dodge a goldmine similar to that of Six-Gun Territory, some 50 miles northwest in the heart of Florida’s horse racing country. This compound, too, has an ABC-Par neighbor, the Silver Springs spread.

Pay dirt is a mere trickle at Fort Dodge to date. However, the compound which was only a sign by the side of the highway for many months is beginning to make noises indicating that its owner has struck it rich. Proper pushing can put it on the map.

Fort Dodge Grand Opening - April 15, 1965

From the April 15, 1965 St. Petersburg Times -

WEEKI WACHEE - Fort Dodge, a few and different Florida adventure, swings open it’s stockage gate to the public at 9am today.

Located north of here in US 19, the attraction is owned and operated by the Paul Bolstein family of St. Petersburg.

Visitors can pan for gold in a cool mountain stream, ride a pony through Mystery Mountain, or watch a daring band of raiders bite the dust - all in one afternoon.

Bostein said, “There’s picnic grounds here and lots of room to roam around.”

Old Fort Dodge - LOCATED!

In my quest for the location of the 60’s era theme park FORT DODGE, I headed to the land office for Hernando County Florida. There I located deeds to property purchased by the Bolstein Family that was once old Fort Dodge.

I also located a bill for electrical work to wire the theme park from an electrical company (now out of business) in St. Pete.

Paul Bolstein and his wife purchased roughly 30 acres on US 19 approximately 8 miles north of Weeki Wachee. I was worried that would put the park on the ground of the current Winding Waters / Weeki Wachee High School.

I found documents and plats that indicated the Bolstein Family purchased three lots in an area known as HI-WAY FARMS, FIRST ADDITION. The dimension of each lot was indicated on the plat. I added up the total number of feet from the reference road (Atlanta Avenue), and determined the conversion to mileage. The portion of old Fort Dodge that fronted US 19 was between .87 and .99 miles north of Atlanta Avenue.

I left the land office, jumped in my car and headed to US 19. I hit the GPS at Atlanta Avenue. As I drove by Winding Waters Middle and Weeki Wachee High, the GPS began to climb - .25 miles - .50 miles - .87 miles….I cleared the school!
But - right next door sat Weeki Wachee North, a 55+ manufactured home community….exactly .87 to .99 miles north of Atlanta Avenue, where property records indicated was once the home of old Fort Dodge.

So, as far as my hopes of locating remnants of Fort Dodge appear to be dashed, but my hunt for information and memorabilia on this lost piece of Florida roadside continues.

I’ll keep you posted.

Old Fort Dodge

Being the roadside archaeologist that I am, I recently found something just a few miles up the road from me that really piqued my interest.

It seems that just over half a century ago, an entrepreneur named Paul Bolstein opened FORT DODGE - a wild west town off US 19 just north of Weeki Wachee Springs. Problem is, it was only in operation for a couple years until the opening of Interstate 75 took all his customers away.

I can find little information on this roadside tourist stop. I did manage to track down one of Mr. Bolstein’s daughters - Paul passed a few years ago, and one of his daughters that did have a lot do to with Fort Dodge passed last year. A day late and a dollar short.

From the information I’ve been able to find, Fort Dodge is either 4, 5, 6 or 8 miles north of Weeki Wachee Springs. My quest now is to find the exact location of this slice of lost Florida Roadside and see if any remnants remain. Until then, here’s an old 8mm film of Fort Dodge in it’s glory days.

If you have any information on Fort Dodge, I’d love to hear about it.